Stuhlinger, rocket scientist, had
a long career in Europe and the United States.
(Photo from Washington Post; see below.)
1997 photo by
Michael Mercier-- Associated Press
Ernst Stuhlinger, 94; Space Program Pioneer,
Washington Post, Tuesday, May 27, 2008 page B05
Ernst Stuhlinger, Rocket Scientist Crucial
in Space Race, Is Dead at 94
New York Times, Wednesday, May 28, 2008
"Ernst Stuhlinger, one of the most prominent of the Germans who brought their skills in rocket science to the United States after World War II and a close associate of Wernher von Braun, died Sunday [May 25, 2008] at his home in Huntsville, Ala. He was 94....
As one of the 118 engineers and scientists of the German V-2 missile program who surrendered to Americans toward the end of the war, Dr. Stuhlinger played the quiet, behind-the-scenes scientist to the more charismatic Dr. von Braun. He was director of science at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville in the early decades of the space age.
The Marshall center, established around the nucleus of the von Braun team, led the development of several generations of rockets, culminating in the most powerful of all, the Saturn 5's that propelled astronauts to the Moon in the Apollo program. Dr. Stuhlinger's expertise was in the guidance and navigation instruments for space flight.
In fact, friends and former colleagues recall that his ingenuity was critical to the first successful American space launching, almost four months after the Soviet Union surprised the world with Sputnik 1. In the frenzy to catch up, an Army team including the German-born engineers and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California was ordered to get the Explorer 1 satellite up, double-time.
The rocket was a combination of V-2 technology and American upper stages. The timing of the second-stage firing had to be exact if the satellite was to achieve orbit. There was no time for elaborate designs and tests. So Dr. Stuhlinger retired to his home garage and, in a few hours, emerged with a clever timing device made of ordinary wires, screws and nuts.On the night of Jan. 31, 1958, tracking the rocket's ascent from a control console at Cape Canaveral, Fla., Dr. Stuhlinger pressed a button at just the right moment to signal the timing device to trigger the second-stage firing, not a second too soon or too late. He became known as 'the man with the golden finger.'"
-- John Noble Wilford
The countdown as we know it, 10-9-8-u.s.w., was invented by Fritz Lang in 1929 for the Ufa film Die Frau im Mond. He put it into the launch scene to heighten the suspense. "It is another of my damned 'touches,'" Fritz Lang said.
"At the Creation," explains Kabbalist spokesman Steve Edelman, "God sent out a pulse of energy into the void. It presently branched and sorted into ten distinct spheres or aspects, corresponding to the numbers 1-10. These are known as the Sephiroth. To return to God, the soul must negotiate each of the Sephiroth, from ten back to one. Armed with magic and faith, Kabbalists have set out to conquer the Sephiroth. Many Kabbalist secrets have to do with making the trip successfully.
"Now the Sephiroth fall into a pattern, which is called the Tree of Life. It is also the body of God. Drawn among the ten spheres are 22 paths. Each path corresponds to a letter of the Hebrew alphabet, and also to one of the cards called 'Major Arcana' in the Tarot. So although the Rocket countdown appears to be serial, it actually conceals the Tree of Life, which must be apprehended all at once, together, in parallel.
"Some Sephiroth are active or masculine, others are passive or feminine. But the Tree itself is a unity, rooted exactly at the Bodenplatte. It is the axis of a particular Earth, a new dispensation, brought into being by the Great Firing."
"But but with a new axis, a newly spinning Earth," it occurs to the visitor, "what happens to astrology?"
"The signs change, idiot," snaps Edelman, reaching for his family-size jar of Thorazine. He has become such a habitual user of this tranquilizing drug that his complexion has deepened to an alarming slate-purple.
| Imipolex G | The Big Novel
Jan 30, 2007 ... [Comment dated 12:01 AM Jan. 31, 2007] ... I can't remember where in the book it is, but I'm pretty sure that at some point, Slothrop distinctly recognizes the smell of Imipolex G. ...
machines.pomona.edu/55-2007/node/51 - 20k